2 edition of Pharmacological regulation of brain stem circuits mediating prepulse inhibition of startle in rats. found in the catalog.
Pharmacological regulation of brain stem circuits mediating prepulse inhibition of startle in rats.
Written in English
The startle reflex is inhibited by moderate intensity acoustic pulses or by inferior colliculus stimulation that precede the startle-inducing stimulus by 20--500ms. This prepulse inhibition (PPI) is mediated by midbrain circuits that converge on pontine reticular formation (PRF) giant neurons mediating startle. Startle was evoked here by stimulation of the trigeminal nucleus and was recorded by an electromyographic response in the biceps femoris. To determine the transmitters and receptors influencing prepulse inhibition, the muscarinic blocker scopolamine (0.1mg/muL) and the GABAB blocker phaclofen (4.2ng/muL) were injected bilaterally in the PRF, and found to reduce PPI by means of 47% and 29%, respectively. To test further whether midbrain cholinergic neurons mediate PPI, carbachol (1mug/muL) was injected bilateraffy into the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus, and was found to reduce PPI by a mean of 44%. These data suggest that both cholinergic and GABAergic neurons contribute to PPI.
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||78|
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